Antonakopoulos, G., Turton, J.A., Whitfield, P. and Newman, J. (1991) Host-parasite interface of the urinary bladder-inhabiting nematode Trichsomoides crassicauda:changes induced in the urothelium of infected rats. International Journal for Parasitology, 21 (2). pp. 187-193. 10.1016/0020-7519(91)90009-V .
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The urinary bladders of rats infected with Trichosomoides crassicauda were studied by light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The bladder epithelium of infected rats showed a diffuse, mild, flat hyperplasia, four to six cells thick. The anterior parts of adult female worms were embedded in tunnels within the hyperplastic epithelium with the posterior portions of the parasites lying free in the bladder lumen. The hyperplastic epithelial cells forming the inner layer of the tunnel wall, adjacent to the parasite, showed degenerative changes. These cells contained single or multiple pycnotic nuclei. Their cytoplasm was fibro-granular in appearance, with few distinct organelles, and the luminal surfaces of the cells were not limited by plasma membranes. Small numbers of granular cells, similar in appearance to mast cells, were seen in, and possibly crossing, the epithelium. There was no infection-related increase in the number or type of inflammatory cells in the lamina propria. Questions of interest emerging from this study relate to the nutrition of an adult nematode occupying an intra-epithelial location, and the absence of a significant chronic inflammatory response to the mature worm. It is suggested that the avascular hyperplastic epithelium of the bladder is an immunologically ‘protected site’ for the mature female T. crassicauda.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Trichosomoides crassicauda; rat; microscopy; urothelial changes|
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmacology > Centre for Toxicology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||International Journal for Parasitology|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2010 09:43|
|Last Modified:||24 Feb 2012 11:25|
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