C-11 diamino cryptolepine derivatives NSC748392, NSC748393, and NSC748394: anticancer profile and G-quadruplex stabilization.

Lavrado, J., Reszka, A.P., Moreira, R., Neidle, S. and Paulo, A. (2010) C-11 diamino cryptolepine derivatives NSC748392, NSC748393, and NSC748394: anticancer profile and G-quadruplex stabilization. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 20 (23). pp. 7042-5. 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.110.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.110

Abstract

G-Quadruplex DNA ligands are promising novel anticancer agents with potentially fewer side effects and greater selectivity than standard anticancer drugs. However, the design of G-quadruplex ligands remains challenging since known chemical features increasing selectivity have often compromised drugability. Three C-11 diamino cryptolepine derivatives, with significant chemical differences between the side chains, low cytotoxicity to mammalian non-tumor cells (Vero cells) and drug-like properties, were selected for anticancer drug screening in the NCI Developmental Therapeutics Program. The three compounds showed good in vitro anticancer profiles with GI(50) averages at sub-micromolar concentrations (0.32-0.78 μM), cytostatic effects (TGI) at micromolar concentrations (1.3-6.9 μM) and moderate cytotoxic effects to cancer cells (LC(50)) also at micromolar concentrations (4.7-33 μM), but only the compound with a linear alkylamine side chain (NSC748393) showed a good score in the in vivo anticancer Hollow Fiber assay. compare analysis of growth inhibition profile of NSC748393 suggested a multi-target mechanism. G-Quadruplex DNA binding affinity and selectivity studies by FRET-melting assays showed that NSC748392 and NSC478393, with aliphatic amine side chains, are good G-quadruplex ligands but not selective, whereas a C-11 aromatic side chain, as in NSC748394, increases selectivity although with decreasing binding affinity. Overall, NSC748393 can be considered a lead molecule for the design of effective but more selective anticancer drugs targeting telomeric G-quadruplexes.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Cancer Research UK Biomolecular Structure Group
ID Code:1783
Journal or Publication Title:Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:18 Feb 2011 17:36
Last Modified:11 Nov 2011 16:33

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