Evaluation of different buffers on plasmid DNA encapsulation into PLGA microparticles

Tse, M.T., Blatchford, C. and Alpar, H.O. (2009) Evaluation of different buffers on plasmid DNA encapsulation into PLGA microparticles. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 370 (1-2). pp. 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2008.11.006.

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2008.11.006

Abstract

Double emulsion solvent evaporation is a widely used method to prepare poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles encapsulating plasmid DNA. There are inherent problems associated with preparing plasmid DNA in this form, in particular the DNA is liable to degrade during manufacture and the resulting powder has low encapsulation efficiencies. This study compares the use of two buffers, 0.1M NaHCO(3) and 0.07M Na(2)HPO(4) and the effect these have on the encapsulation efficiency and other critical parameters associated with these encapsulated DNA materials. Both buffers preserved the conformation of the original plasmid DNA during the homogenization process, but those made with 0.07M Na(2)HPO(4) had higher encapsulation efficiencies, as well as smaller diameters, compared with those made with 0.1M NaHCO(3) (encapsulation efficiencies of 40.72-45.65%, and mean volume diameters of 2.96-4.45microm). Buffers with a range of pH from 5 to 12 were investigated, and it was demonstrated that pH 9 was the point at which the highest amount of supercoiled DNA was balanced with the highest encapsulation efficiency. To simulate in vitro release, it was shown that microparticles made with 0.07M Na(2)HPO(4) had lower DNA release rates than those made with 0.1M NaHCO(3). These results demonstrate that the use of different buffers can aid in retaining the conformation of plasmid DNA, and can also modulate the amount of DNA encapsulated and the release profiles of microparticles.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutics > Department of Pharmaceutics
ID Code:1813
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:25 Feb 2011 18:16
Last Modified:25 Feb 2011 18:16

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