Complex Role of Collybistin and Gephyrin in GABAA Receptor Clustering

Saiepour, L., Fuchs, C., Patrizi, A., Sassoe-Pognetto, M., Harvey, R.J. and Harvey, K. (2010) Complex Role of Collybistin and Gephyrin in GABAA Receptor Clustering. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285 (38). pp. 29623-29631. 10.1074/jbc.M110.121368.

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DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.121368


Gephyrin and collybistin are key components of GABAA receptor (GABAAR) clustering. Nonetheless, resolving the molecular interactions between the plethora of GABAAR subunits and these clustering proteins is a significant challenge. We report a direct interaction of GABAAR α2 and α3 subunit intracellular M3–M4 domain (but not α1, α4, α5, α6, β1–3, or γ1–3) with gephyrin. Curiously, GABAAR α2, but not α3, binds to both gephyrin and collybistin using overlapping sites. The reciprocal binding sites on gephyrin for collybistin and GABAAR α2 also overlap at the start of the gephyrin E domain. This suggests that although GABAAR α3 interacts with gephyrin, GABAAR α2, collybistin, and gephyrin form a trimeric complex. In support of this proposal, tri-hybrid interactions between GABAAR α2 and collybistin or GABAAR α2 and gephyrin are strengthened in the presence of gephyrin or collybistin, respectively. Collybistin and gephyrin also compete for binding to GABAAR α2 in co-immunoprecipitation experiments and co-localize in transfected cells in both intracellular and submembrane aggregates. Interestingly, GABAAR α2 is capable of “activating ” collybistin isoforms harboring the regulatory SH3 domain, enabling targeting of gephyrin to the submembrane aggregates. The GABAAR α2-collybistin interaction was disrupted by a pathogenic mutation in the collybistin SH3 domain (p.G55A) that causes X-linked intellectual disability and seizures by disrupting GABAAR and gephyrin clustering. Because immunohistochemistry in retina revealed a preferential co-localization of collybistin with α2 subunit containing GABAARs, but not GlyRs or other GABAAR subtypes, we propose that the collybistin-gephyrin complex has an intimate role in the clustering of GABAARs containing the α2 subunit.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology
ID Code:1856
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:03 Mar 2011 17:35
Last Modified:06 Oct 2011 15:46

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