Moran, A. and Buckton, G. (2009) Studies of the Crystallization of Amorphous Trehalose Using Simultaneous Gravimetric Vapor Sorption/Near IR (GVS/NIR) and “Modulated” GVS/NIR. AAPS PharmSciTech, 10 (1). pp. 297-302. doi:10.1208/s12249-009-9195-4.
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The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of changes in the amorphous state on the crystallization of trehalose. Amorphous trehalose is known to stabilize biomaterials; hence, an understanding of crystallization is vital. Amorphous trehalose, prepared by spray-drying, was exposed to either a single step (0–75%) in relative humidity (RH) or to modulated 0–75–0% RH to cause crystallization. For the single-step experiment, two samples crystallized in a predictable manner to form the dihydrate. One sample, while notionally identical, did not crystallize in the same way and showed a mass loss throughout the time at 75% RH, with a final mass less than that expected for the dihydrate. The idiosyncratic sample was seen to have a starting near infrared (NIR) spectra similar to that exhibited by anhydrous crystalline trehalose, implying that short-range order in the amorphous material (or a small amount of crystalline seed, not detectable using powder X-ray diffraction) caused the sample to fail to form the dihydrate fully when exposed to high RH. The modulated RH study showed that the amorphous material interacted strongly with water; the intensity of the NIR traces was not proportional to mass of water but rather the extent of hydrogen bonding. Subsequent crystallization of this sample clearly was a partial formation of the dihydrate, but with the bulk of the sample then shielded such that it was unable to show significant sorption when exposed to elevated RH. It has been shown that the nature of the amorphous form will alter the way in which samples crystallize. With oscillation in RH, it was possible to further understand the interactions between water and amorphous trehalose.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||amorphous - crystallization - near IR - trehalose - water sorption|
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutics > Department of Pharmaceutics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||AAPS PharmSciTech|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||10 Mar 2011 16:36|
|Last Modified:||10 Mar 2011 16:36|
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