Murdan, S., van den Bergh, B., Gregoriadis, G. and Florence, A.T. (1999) Water-in-sorbitan monostearate organogels (water-in-oil gels). Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 88 (6). pp. 615-9. 10.1021/js980343j.
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Novel multicomponent organogels containing an aqueous phase are described, and some properties which influence their potential as delivery devices for hydrophilic drugs and vaccines are discussed. The gel is produced by preparing a hot water-in-oil (w/o) emulsion using sorbitan monostearate, a nonionic surfactant which is also the organogelator, as the principal emulsifying agent. On cooling at room temperature, the w/o emulsion sets to an opaque, semisolid, thermoreversible organic gel. Cooling the emulsion results in a reduced solubility of the sorbitan monostearate in the oil, with a corresponding decrease in solvent-surfactant affinities, causing surfactant self-assembly into aggregates. The microstructure of the w/o gel is seen by light microscopy to consist of a network of tubules and fibrils (containing the aqueous phase) dispersed in the organic medium. X-ray diffraction and freeze-fracture studies suggest that the tubular aggregates in the w/o gel are made up of surfactant molecules arranged in inverted bilayers and that the aqueous phase is accommodated within these inverted bilayers, bound by the polar headgroups of the surfactant molecules. The presence of water in the tubular skeleton of the organic gels results in the establishment of percolating electroconductive aqueous channels in the organogel. Increasing the water content of a w/o gel causes the surfactant tubules to swell with a corresponding increase in conductivity until the tubules are saturated. Further increase in the water content results in the excess water accumulating in droplets within the organic medium and a decrease in conductivity as the gel integrity is compromised. The w/o gels (containing a model antigen, radiolabeled bovine serum albumin, in the aqueous phase) have demonstrated depot properties after intramuscular administration to mice, entrapped antigen being released over a period of days.
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutics > Department of Pharmaceutics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||17 Mar 2011 15:30|
|Last Modified:||17 Mar 2011 15:30|
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