Brandon, N.J., Jovanovic, J.N. and Moss, S.J. (2002) Multiple roles of protein kinases in the modulation of γ-aminobutyric acidA receptor function and cell surface expression. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 94 (1-2). pp. 113-122. 10.1016/S0163-7258(02)00175-4.
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γ-Aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate the majority of fast synaptic inhibition in the brain and that are also important drug targets for benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and neurosteriods. These receptors are pentameric hetero-oligomers that can be assembled from 7 subunit classes with multiple members: α(1–6), β(1–3), γ(1–3), δ, , θ, and π. Most receptor subtypes in the brain, however, are believed to be composed of α-, β-, and γ-subunits. Modifications of GABAA receptor function are continually implicated in a range of pathologies, including epilepsy, anxiety, insomnia, and substance abuse. Moreover, changes in the efficacy of synaptic inhibition mediated by GABAA receptors are believed to be play central roles in certain forms of synaptic plasticity, including rebound potentiation in the cerebellum, and hippocampal long-term potentiation. Given the critical role that GABAA receptors play as mediators of synaptic transmission, it is of fundamental importance to understand the endogenous mechanisms used by neurones to control the function of these receptors. This review will focus on the dynamic regulation of GABAA receptor phosphorylation state and channel function as mechanisms involved in determining the efficacy of synaptic inhibition. In addition, the possible role of GABAA receptor phosphorylation in controlling receptor internalization and recycling will also be explored. Author Keywords: GABAA receptor; Phosphorylation; Kinase; Agonist; Cytoskeleton Abbreviations: AKAP, A-kinase anchoring protein; BDNF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor; CaMKII, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II; DG, dentate gyrus; GABA, γ-aminobutyric acid; GTAP, GABAA receptor tubulin-associated complex protein; HEK, human embryonic kidney; L, long; LTD, long-term depression; LTP, long-term potentiation; mIPSC, miniature inhibitory postsynaptic current; Ob, olfactory bulb; PKA, protein kinase A; PKC, protein kinase C; PKG, protein kinase G; RACK-1, receptor for activated C-kinase; S, short; SCG, superior cervical ganglion; TM, transmembrane
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Pharmacology & Therapeutics|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||07 Apr 2011 11:15|
|Last Modified:||07 Apr 2011 11:15|
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