Surface area accessibility and the preferred topology of telomeric DNA quadruplex-ligand complexes.

Haider, S.M., Autiero, I. and Neidle, S. (2011) Surface area accessibility and the preferred topology of telomeric DNA quadruplex-ligand complexes. Biochimie, 93 (8). pp. 1275-1279. 10.1016/j.biochi.2011.05.014.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2011.05.014

Abstract

Solvent-accessible surface area calculations have been performed on two human telomeric quadruplex structures, the parallel crystal structure and an (3 + 1) anti-parallel structure determined by NMR methods. The differences in net ligand solvent-accessible surface area (Δ(SASA)) for four structurally distinct categories of small-molecule ligand have been computed, using docked structures of complexes with both types of quadruplex, as well as the relative contributions of polar and non-polar surface areas. It has been hypothesized that the surface area occupied by the ligand is a determinant of selectivity between different quadruplex topologies, where the ligand maximizes the accessible surface area by contacting all accessible atoms at one end of a quadruplex structure. This has enabled selectivity for a particular ligand to be assessed, for parallel compared an anti-parallel topology. The predictions for the ligands chosen, all of which have their quadruplex topological preferences experimentally determined and reported in the literature, are fully in accord with observation. It is suggested that this approach, which does not depend on energy functions, can be useful in the rational design of topology-specific ligands, especially in the case of polymorphic quadruplexes.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ligand; Quadruplex; Surface area; Topology
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Cancer Research UK Biomolecular Structure Group
ID Code:2151
Journal or Publication Title:Biochimie
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:09 Jun 2011 14:44
Last Modified:20 Jan 2012 11:41

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