Statistical guidelines for studies of the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behaviour

Hankins, M., French, D.P. and Horne, R. (2000) Statistical guidelines for studies of the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behaviour. Psychology and Health, 15 (2). pp. 151-161. 10.1080/08870440008400297.

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DOI: 10.1080/08870440008400297


We identify potential problems in the statistical analysis of social cognition model data, with special emphasis on the theories of reasoned action (TRA) and planned behaviour (TPB). Some statistical guidelines are presented for empirical studies of the TRA and the TPB based upon multiple linear regression and structural equation modelling (SEM). If the model is tested using multiple regression, the assumptions of this technique must be considered and variables transformed if necessary. Adjusted R2 (not R2) should be used as a measure of explained variance and semipartial correlations are useful in assessing each component's unique contribution to explained variance. R2 is not an indicator of model adequacy and residuals should be examined. Expectancy-value variables that are the product of expectancy and value measures represent the interaction term in a multiple regression and should not be used. SEM approaches make explicit the assumptions of unidimensionality of constructs in the TRA/TPB, assumptions that might usefully be challenged by competing models with multidimensional constructs. Finally, statistical power and sample size should be considered for both approaches. Inattention to any of these aspects of analysis threatens the validity of TRA/TPB research.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Practice and Policy > Centre for Behavioural Medicine
ID Code:2213
Journal or Publication Title:Psychology and Health
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:17 Jun 2011 14:49
Last Modified:17 Jun 2011 14:49

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