Brickley, K., Smith, M.J., Beck, M. and Stephenson, F.A. (2005) GRIF-1 and OIP106, Members of a Novel Gene Family of Coiled-Coil Domain Proteins: Association in vivo and in vitro with kinesin. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280 (15). pp. 14723-14732. 10.1074/jbc.M409095200 .
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γ-Aminobutyric acidA receptor-interacting factor (GRIF-1) is a 913-amino acid protein proposed to function as a GABAA receptor β2 subunit-interacting, trafficking protein. GRIF-1 shares ∼44% amino acid sequence identity with O-linked N-acetylglucosamine transferase interacting protein 106, OIP106. Both proteins contain predicted coiled-coil domains and probably constitute a novel gene family. The Drosophila orthologue of this family of proteins may be Milton. Milton shares ∼44% amino acid homology with GRIF-1. Milton is proposed to function in kinesin-mediated transport of mitochondria to nerve terminals. We report here that GRIF-1 and OIP106 also associate with kinesin and mitochondria. Following expression in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, both GRIF-1 and OIP106 were shown by co-immunoprecipitation to be specifically associated with an endogenous kinesin heavy chain species of 115 kDa and exogenous KIF5C. Association of GRIF-1 with kinesin was also evident in native brain and heart tissue. In the brain, anti-GRIF-1-(8–633) antibodies specifically co-immunoprecipitated two kinesin-immunoreactive species with molecular masses of 118 and 115 kDa, and in the heart, one kinesin-immunoreactive species, 115 kDa, was immunoprecipitated. Further studies revealed that GRIF-1 was predominantly associated with KIF5A in the brain and with KIF5B in both the heart and in HEK 293 cells. Yeast two-hybrid interaction assays and immunoprecipitations showed that GRIF-1 associated directly with KIF5C with the GRIF-1/KIF5C interaction domain localized to GRIF-1-(124–283). These results further support a role for GRIF-1 and OIP106 in protein and/or organelle transport in excitable cells in a manner analogous to glutamate receptor-interacting-protein 1, in the motor-dependent transport of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate glutamate excitatory neurotransmitter receptors to dendrites.
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||24 Nov 2011 09:48|
|Last Modified:||24 Nov 2011 09:48|
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