Hawkins, L.M., Prybylowski, K., Chang, K., Moussan, C., Stephenson, F.A. and Wenthold, R.J. (2004) Export from the endoplasmic reticulum of assembled N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptors is controlled by a motif in the c terminus of the NR2 subunit. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279 (28). pp. 28903-28910. 10.1074/jbc.M402599200 .
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Functional N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors are formed from the assembly of NR1 and NR2 subunits. When expressed alone, the major NR1 splice variant and the NR2 subunits are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), reflecting a quality control mechanism found in many complex multisubunit proteins to ensure that only fully assembled and properly folded complexes reach the cell surface. Recent studies have identified an RRR motif in the C terminus of the NR1 subunit, which controls the ER retention of the unassembled subunit. Here we investigated the mechanisms controlling the ER retention of the NR2 subunit and the export of the assembled complex from the ER. We found that Tac chimeras of the C terminus of the NR2B subunit show that an ER retention signal is also present in the NR2B subunit. In assembled complexes, ER retention signals on the individual subunits must be overcome to allow the complex to leave the ER. One common mechanism involves mutual masking of the signals on the individual subunits. Our data do not support such a mechanism for regulating the release of assembled NMDA receptors from the ER. We found that the motif, HLFY, immediately following transmembrane domain 4 of the NR2 subunit, is required for the assembled complex to exit from the ER. Mutation of this motif allowed the assembly of NR1 and NR2 subunits into a complex that was functional, based on MK-801 binding, but it is retained in the ER. These results are consistent with HLFY functioning as a signal that is necessary for the release of the assembled functional NMDA receptor complex from the ER.
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||24 Nov 2011 10:01|
|Last Modified:||24 Nov 2011 10:01|
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