Constanti, A., Bagetta, G. and Libri, V. (1993) Persistent muscarinic excitation in guinea-pig olfactory cortex neurons: involvement of a slow post-stimulus afterdepolarizing current. Neuroscience, 56 (4). pp. 887-904. 10.1016/0306-4522(93)90135-3.
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The persistent excitatory effects of the muscarinic agonist oxotremorine-M were investigated in guinea-pig olfactory cortex neurons in vitro (28-30 degrees C) using a single-microelectrode current-clamp/voltage-clamp technique. In 40% of recorded cells (type 1), bath-application of oxotremorine-M (2-10 microM; 1-2 min) induced a strong membrane depolarization, an increase in input resistance and a sustained neuronal discharge lasting over 30 min following agonist washout. A large depolarizing stimulus applied during the action of oxotremorine-M, evoked a slow post-stimulus afterdepolarization (approximately 10-15 mV) lasting approximately 30 s. Injection of steady negative current at the peak of this response produced a slow repolarization of the membrane potential (half-time approximately 0.6 min) towards a plateau level ("hyperpolarization recovery"); these effects of oxotremorine-M were slowly reversed on washout or by application of atropine (1 microM). In a second population of neurons (type 2; 39% of total), oxotremorine-M produced a large depolarization, a resistance increase and repetitive firing that did not persist after agonist washout; these neurons failed to generate a prominent slow afterdepolarization on stimulation, and showed no hyperpolarization recovery effect. Their resting membrane properties were not significantly different from those of type 1 cells. The remaining proportion of cells (type 3) elicited little or no muscarinic response to oxotremorine-M and no slow afterdepolarization; these cells showed characteristics spike fractionation (pre-potentials) during an evoked train of action potentials.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Neuroscience|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||25 Nov 2011 09:43|
|Last Modified:||25 Nov 2011 09:43|
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