Quantitative effects of some muscarinic agonists on evoked surface-negative field potentials recorded from the guinea-pig olfactory cortex slice.

Williams, S.H. and Constanti, A. (1988) Quantitative effects of some muscarinic agonists on evoked surface-negative field potentials recorded from the guinea-pig olfactory cortex slice. British Journal of Pharmacology, 93 (4). pp. 846-854.

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Official URL: http://www.ukpmc.ac.uk/articles/PMC1853894

Abstract

1. The effects of muscarinic receptor agonists on the electrically-evoked surface-negative field potential (N-wave) were measured in the guinea-pig olfactory cortex slice maintained in vitro. 2. Bath-superfusion of (+/-)-muscarine, acetylcholine (ACh), carbachol (CCh), or methacholine (MCh) (10-200 microM) produced reversible, dose-dependent depressions of the N-wave (ACh and MCh effects were observed in the presence of 10 microM neostigmine). The order of potencies (based on agonist dose causing 50% field depression: IC50) was: ACh greater than or equal to muscarine greater than CCh greater than MCh. All four agonists depressed the field potential by 100% at doses greater than 500 microM. 3. Pilocarpine and bethanechol were weak agonists and only produced measurable effects at high doses (1-2 mM). Neither agonist evoked a maximum response at doses up to 10 mM. 4. The muscarinic ganglion stimulant, McN-A-343 yielded inconsistent results, depressing the field potential in some slices, but having no effect in others. Pre-application of a conditioning dose (100 microM) of McN-A-343 reduced subsequent responses to CCh, suggesting possible partial agonist properties. 5. Oxotremorine (up to 100 microM) did not depress the field potential, but it reversibly antagonized the effects of CCh. 6. It is concluded that reproducible, quantifiable responses to muscarinic agonists can be evoked in the olfactory cortex slice. We suggest this preparation may be useful for conducting pharmacological studies of 'intact' central muscarinic receptors.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology
ID Code:2535
Journal or Publication Title:British Journal of Pharmacology
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:25 Nov 2011 10:05
Last Modified:25 Nov 2011 10:05

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