Quantitative characterization of alpha 6 and alpha 1 alpha 6 subunit-containing native gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors of adult rat cerebellum demonstrates two alpha subunits per receptor oligomer.

Pollard, S., Thompson, C.L. and Stephenson, F.A. (1995) Quantitative characterization of alpha 6 and alpha 1 alpha 6 subunit-containing native gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors of adult rat cerebellum demonstrates two alpha subunits per receptor oligomer. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 270 (36). pp. 21285-21290. 10.1074/jbc.270.36.21285.

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DOI: 10.1074/jbc.270.36.21285

Abstract

gamma-Aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors were purified from adult rat cerebella by anti-alpha 6(1-16 Cys) antibody affinity chromatography. Immunoblots of the alpha 6 subunit-containing receptors showed the copurification of the alpha 1, beta 2/3, gamma 2, delta but not alpha 2 and alpha 3 GABAA receptor polypeptides. Further fractionation of this receptor subpopulation by anti-GABAA receptor subunit alpha 6(1-16 Cys) and anti-alpha 1(413-429) antibody affinity columns in series substantiated the coassociation of the alpha 1 and alpha 6 polypeptides. The percentage of coexistence of the two subunits was determined by quantitative immunoblotting, which found that 41 +/- 12% of alpha 6 subunit immunoreactivity is associated with the alpha 1 subunit. The ratios of the alpha 1:alpha 6 subunits in the double purified receptor preparations was found to be 1:1, thus determining directly for the first time subunit ratios within native GABAA receptors. The benzodiazepine pharmacology of the alpha 1 alpha 6 subunit-containing receptors was shown to be predominantly benzodiazepine-insensitive by quantitative immunoprecipitation assays. These results are the first direct quantitative studies of subunit ratios within a population of native GABAA receptors.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2562
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:25 Nov 2011 14:36
Last Modified:25 Nov 2011 14:36

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