Ashiru-Oredope, D.A.I., Patel, N.A., Forbes, B., Patel, R. and Basit, A.W. (2011) The effect of polyoxyethylene polymers on the transport of ranitidine in Caco-2 cell monolayers. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 409 (1-2). pp. 164-168. 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.02.059.
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Previous in vivo studies using PEG 400 showed an enhancement in the bioavailability of ranitidine. This study investigated the effect of PEG 200, 300 and 400 on ranitidine transport across Caco-2 cells. The effect of PEG polymers (20%, v/v) on the bi-directional flux of 3H-ranitidine across Caco-2 cell monolayers was measured. The concentration dependence of PEG 400 effects on ranitidine transport was also studied. A specific screen for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity was used to test for an interaction between PEG and P-gp. In the absence of PEG, ranitidine transport showed over 5-fold greater flux across Caco-2 monolayers in the secretory than the absorptive direction; efflux ratio 5.38. PEG 300 and 400 significantly reduced this efflux ratio (p < 0.05), whereas PEG 200 had no effect (p > 0.05). In concordance, PEG 300 and 400 showed an interaction with the P-gp transporter, whereas PEG 200 did not. Interestingly, with PEG 400 a non-linear concentration dependence was seen for the inhibition of the efflux ratio of ranitidine, with a maxima at 1%, v/v (p < 0.05). The inhibition of ranitidine efflux by PEG 300 and 400 which interact with P-gp provides a mechanism that may account for the observations of ranitidine absorption enhancement by PEG 400 in vivo
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Caco-2; Excipients; H2 antagonists; P-glycoprotein; Permeability; Ranitidine|
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutics > Department of Pharmaceutics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||International Journal of Pharmaceutics|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||10 Feb 2012 10:32|
|Last Modified:||10 Feb 2012 10:32|
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