Effect of base sequence on the DNA cross-linking properties of pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimers

Rahman, K.M., James, C.H. and Thurston, D.E. (2011) Effect of base sequence on the DNA cross-linking properties of pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimers. Nucleic Acids Research, 39 (13). pp. 5800-5812. 10.1093/nar/gkr122.

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DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkr122

Abstract

Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) dimers are synthetic sequence-selective DNA minor-groove cross-linking agents that possess two electrophilic imine moieties (or their equivalent) capable of forming covalent aminal linkages with guanine C2-NH2 functionalities. The PBD dimer SJG-136, which has a C8-O-(CH2)3-O-C8′′ central linker joining the two PBD moieties, is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials and current research is focused on developing analogues of SJG-136 with different linker lengths and substitution patterns. Using a reversed-phase ion pair HPLC/MS method to evaluate interaction with oligonucleotides of varying length and sequence, we recently reported (JACS, 2009, 131, 13756) that SJG-136 can form three different types of adducts: inter-and intrastrand cross-linked adducts, and mono-alkylated adducts. These studies have now been extended to include PBD dimers with a longer central linker (C8-O-(CH2)5-O-C8′), demonstrating that the type and distribution of adducts appear to depend on (i) the length of the C8/C8′-linker connecting the two PBD units, (ii) the positioning of the two reactive guanine bases on the same or opposite strands, and (iii) their separation (i.e. the number of base pairs, usually ATs, between them). Based on these data, a set of rules are emerging that can be used to predict the DNA-interaction behaviour of a PBD dimer of particular C8-C8′ linker length towards a given DNA sequence. These observations suggest that it may be possible to design PBD dimers to target specific DNA sequences.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2882
Journal or Publication Title:Nucleic Acids Research
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:01 Mar 2012 10:36
Last Modified:01 Mar 2012 10:36

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