Influence of P-glycoprotein expression on cytotoxicity and antitumour activity of the novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine dimer SJG-136

Guichard, S.M., Macpherson, J.S., Thurston, D.E. and Jodrell, D.I. (2005) Influence of P-glycoprotein expression on cytotoxicity and antitumour activity of the novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine dimer SJG-136. European Journal of Cancer, 41 (12). p. 1811. 10.1016/j.ejca.2005.04.026.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2005.04.026

Abstract

SJG-136 is a novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine dimer analogue that acts as a minor-groove interstrand DNA cross-linking agent. The present study investigated the impact of ABCB1 (mdr-1) expression on the activity of SJG-136 using both in vitro and in vivo systems. SJG-136 was highly potent in the colon cancer cell lines HCT-116, HT-29 and SW620 (IC50 0.1-0.3 nM). However, HCT-8 and HCT-15 cells expressing significant levels of mdr-1 were less sensitive (IC 50 2.3 and 3.7 nM, respectively) using a SRB assay. The cytotoxicity was increased in HCT-15 and A2780AD in presence of 5 μg/ml verapamil. Mdr-1 mRNA expression was determined by qRT-PCR and correlated to SJG-136 IC50s (r2 = 0.86, P = 0.0001). Isogenic 3T3 cells expressing mdr-1 cDNA (3T3 pHamdr-1) were less sensitive to SJG-136 than the parental 3T3 cells (IC50 208 and 6.3 nM, respectively). Finally, SJG-136 (120 μg/kg/d dx5) was highly active against A2780 xenografts (SGD = 275) but not A2780AD xenografts (SGD = 67).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ABCB1; Colon cancer; DNA-binding; Drug resistance; Interstrand cross-linking agent; mdr-1; Minor-groove; Ovarian cancer; Pyrrolobenzodiazepine; SJG-136
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2907
Journal or Publication Title:European Journal of Cancer
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:08 Mar 2012 10:45
Last Modified:08 Mar 2012 10:45

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