SJG-136 (NSC 694501), A Novel Rationally Designed DNA Minor Groove Interstrand Cross-Linking Agent with Potent and Broad Spectrum Antitumor Activity: Part 2: Efficacy Evaluations

Alley, M.C., Hollingshead, M.G., Pacula-Cox, C.M., Waud, W.R., Hartley, J.A., Howard, P.W., Gregson, S.J., Thurston, D.E. and Sausville, E.A. (2004) SJG-136 (NSC 694501), A Novel Rationally Designed DNA Minor Groove Interstrand Cross-Linking Agent with Potent and Broad Spectrum Antitumor Activity: Part 2: Efficacy Evaluations. Cancer Research, 64 (18). pp. 6700-6706. 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-03-2942.

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DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-03-2942

Abstract

Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine dimer SJG-136 (NSC 694501) selectively cross-links guanine residues located on opposite strands of DNA, and exhibits potent in vitro cytotoxicity. In addition, SJG-136 is highly active in vivo in hollow fiber assays. In the current investigation, SJG-136 was evaluated for in vivo efficacy in 10 tumor models selected on the basis of sensitivity of cells grown in the hollow fiber and in vitro time course assays: LOX IMVI and UACC-62 (melanomas); OVCAR-3 and OVCAR-5 (ovarian carcinomas); MDA-MB-435 (breast carcinoma); SF-295 and C-6 (gliomas); LS-174T (colon carcinoma); HL-60 TB (promyelocytic leukemia); and NCI-H522 (lung carcinoma). SJG-136 was active against small (150 mg) and large (250-400 mg) xenografts with tumor mass reductions in all 10 models. In addition, significant growth delays occurred in nine models, cell kill in six models ranged between 1.9 and 7.2 logs, and there were 1 to 4/6 tumor-free responses in six models. SJG-136 is active following i.v. bolus injections, as well as by 5-day continuous infusions. Of all of the schedules tested, bolus administrations for 5 consecutive days (qd × 5) conferred the greatest efficacy. SJG-136 is active over a wide dosage range in athymic mouse xenografts: on a qd × 5 schedule, the maximum-tolerated dose was ∼120 μg/kg/dose (total dose: 0.6 mg/kg = 1.8 mg/m2) and the minimum effective dose in the most sensitive model (SF-295) was ∼16 μg/kg/dose (total dose: 0.08 mg/ kg = 0.24 mg/m2). Results of this study extend the initial in vivo observations reported in the reference above and confirm the importance of expediting more detailed preclinical evaluations on this novel agent in support of phase I clinical trials in the United Kingdom and the United States, which are planned to commence shortly.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2911
Journal or Publication Title:Cancer Research
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:08 Mar 2012 11:04
Last Modified:08 Mar 2012 11:04

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