The gamma 2 subunit is an integral component of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor but the alpha 1 polypeptide is the principal site of the agonist benzodiazepine photoaffinity labeling reaction.

Stephenson, F.A., Duggan, M.J. and Pollard, S. (1990) The gamma 2 subunit is an integral component of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptor but the alpha 1 polypeptide is the principal site of the agonist benzodiazepine photoaffinity labeling reaction. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 265 (34). pp. 21160-21165.

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Abstract

Polyclonal antibodies were raised to a synthetic peptide whose amino acid sequence was derived from the novel gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor subunit, gamma 2. These anti-gamma 2 1-15 Cys antibodies reacted specifically with the GABAA receptor purified from adult bovine cerebral cortex in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Anti-gamma 2 1-15 Cys antibodies specifically immunoprecipitated [3H]flunitrazepam photoaffinity-labeled native receptor in parallel with anti-alpha 1 324-341 antibodies. Immunoprecipitation of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) denatured photoaffinity-labeled receptor by anti-gamma 2 1-15 Cys antibodies, however, resulted in a significant decrease in the maximum percentage of radioactivity immunoprecipitated compared to that by anti-alpha 1 324-341 antibodies. In immunoblots, anti-gamma 2 1-15 Cys antibodies reacted with a broad band in the molecular weight range Mr 43,000-49,000 which was distinct from that recognized by anti-alpha 1 324-341 antibodies. The anti-alpha 1 324-341 immunoreactive band was the main subunit irreversibly photoaffinity labeled by [3H]flunitrazepam, i.e. Mr 53,000. These results demonstrate for the first time that the gamma 2 subunit is an integral component of the GABAA receptor but it is the alpha 1 subunit that is the principal site of the agonist benzodiazepine photoaffinity labeling reaction. It supports a role of both the alpha 1 and gamma 2 polypeptides in the formation of the central benzodiazepine binding site within a GABAA receptor oligomer.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2971
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:15 Mar 2012 12:24
Last Modified:15 Mar 2012 12:24

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