Garcinia mangostana L: A phytochemical and pharmacological review [Ein phytochemisches und pharmakologisches Porträt]

Obolskiy, D., Pischel, I., Siriwatanametanon, N. and Heinrich, M. (2010) Garcinia mangostana L: A phytochemical and pharmacological review [Ein phytochemisches und pharmakologisches Porträt]. Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie, 31 (02). pp. 110-118. 10.1055/s-0030-1247648.

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DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1247648

Abstract

Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen, Clusiaceae) has a long history of use as a medi-cal plant, mostly in Southeast Asia. Here we review the phytochemistry and pharma-cology of mangosteen. Traditionally mangosteen is famous for its antiinflammatory properties and is used in the treatment of skin infections and wounds. Other appli-cations include the therapy of various conditions such as dysentery, different urinary disorders, cystitis and gonorrhoea. This review highlights the development of this botanical drug into a widely used nutraceutical. Products derived from G. mangostana are now increasingly employed all over the world. This has given rise to a concomitant increase in research on the phytochemical constituents and biological activity of mangosteen. Central to the biological activity of the species are xanthones. A comprehensive assessment of the biological activities of individual xanthones as well as extracts of G. mangostana is included. In addition, its potential in terms of developing novel drug leads is assessed. Products containing its fruits are now sold widely as liquid botanical Supplements, but evidence for the health benefits of these products is still lacking. As shown here, a serious weakness in our knowledge is the lack of clinical data and it is not yet clear to what extent the findings about pharmacological activities are of potential clinical relevance.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:anti-inflammatory; Clusiaceae (Guttiferae); ethnopharmacology; Garcinia mangostana L.; mangosteen; nutraceuticals; traditional medicine; xanthones
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2992
Journal or Publication Title:Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:16 Mar 2012 14:54
Last Modified:16 Mar 2012 14:54

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