Gathered food plants in the mountains of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain): Ethnobotany and multivariate analysis

Rivera, D., Obdn, C., Innocencio, C., Heinrich, M. and Verde, A. (2007) Gathered food plants in the mountains of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain): Ethnobotany and multivariate analysis. Economic Botany, 61 (3). pp. 269-289. 10.1663/0013-0001(2007)61[269:GFPITM]2.0.CO;2.

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DOI: 10.1663/0013-0001(2007)61[269:GFPITM]2.0.CO;2

Abstract

Gathered food plants (GFPs) (wild and weeds) are crucial for understanding traditional Mediterranean diets. Combining open interviews and free-listing questionnaires, we identified 215 GFP items, i.e., 53 fungi and 162 from 154 vascular plant species. The variation in frequency and in salience among the items follows a rectangular hyperbola. Highly salient species were Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Scolymus hispanicus L., and Pleurotus eryngii (DC.: Fr.) Quélet. Salience and frequency showed no correlation with the expected health benefits of each species. Regional frequency in the Mediterranean and local frequency are directly related. Thus, local food plants are much less "local" than expected. Different types of culinary preparations provide the most information in the cluster analysis of variables. The cluster analysis of items produced a tree with 10 clusters that form culture-specific logical entities, allowing people to structure their environment. Within each cluster, plant species are replaced and incorporated provided they resemble the general profile. This allows innovation and adaptation on a local level and explains the differences between adjacent localities in the list of species. Two types of clusters or species complexes are described: "species-labeled" and "uses-labeled." Lastly, we discuss the underlying empirical basis of the ethnoclassification in the Mediterranean area.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodiversity; Ethnobotany; Ethnoclassification; Food plants; Local food; Mediterranean; Statistical analysis; Traditional knowledge
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:2994
Journal or Publication Title:Economic Botany
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:16 Mar 2012 15:21
Last Modified:16 Mar 2012 15:21

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