Regulation of cholesterol synthesis in the liver and mammary gland of the lactating rat.

Gibbons, G.F., Pullinger, C.R., Munday, M. and Williamson, D.H. (1983) Regulation of cholesterol synthesis in the liver and mammary gland of the lactating rat. Biochemical Journal, 212 (3). pp. 843-848.

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Abstract

The activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase; EC 1.1.1.34) in the lactating mammary gland of rats killed between 10:00 and 14:30 h was 2-3 times that in the livers of the same animals. In contrast, after injection of 3H2O in vivo, the rate of appearance of 3H in the cholesterol of the gland was much lower than that in the liver. In the mammary gland of virgin and non-lactating animals, the activity of HMG-CoA reductase was less than 10% of that of the lactating gland. The activity of HMG-CoA reductase in the lactating mammary gland was significantly (P less than 0.005) lower at midnight than at mid-day, and appeared to show an inverse relationship to the activity of the liver enzyme. However, there was no corresponding change in the incorporation of 3H into the gland cholesterol. Withdrawal of food for 6h had no effect on the activity of HMG-CoA reductase in the lactating mammary gland, but resulted in a significant decrease (P less than 0.005) in that of the liver. Starvation of lactating rats for 24h produced a significant decrease (P less than 0.005) in the activity of the enzyme in both organs. There was also a significant decline in the rate at which 3H2O was incorporated in vivo into the cholesterol of both organs (liver, P less than 0.05; gland, P less than 0.005). Giving a high-fat palatable diet together with chow to lactating animals led to a decline in HMG-CoA reductase activity in the mammary gland, but not in liver. This decrease in the gland was not accompanied by a corresponding decline in the apparent rate of cholesterol synthesis.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:3037
Journal or Publication Title:Biochemical Journal
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 16:26
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 16:26

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