A Naturally Occurring Inhibitory Agent fromHypericum sampsonii. with Activity Against Multidrug-ResistantStaphylococcus aureus.

Xiao, Z.Y., Shiu, W.K.P., Zeng, Y.H., Mu, Q. and Gibbons, S. (2008) A Naturally Occurring Inhibitory Agent fromHypericum sampsonii. with Activity Against Multidrug-ResistantStaphylococcus aureus. Pharmaceutical Biology, 46 (4). pp. 250-253. 10.1080/13880200701739405.

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DOI: 10.1080/13880200701739405

Abstract

Bioassay-directed fractionation employing a multidrug-resistant (MDR) strain of Staphylococcus aureus resulted in the isolation of an antibacterial prenyl substituted xanthone derivative (1) named hyperixanthone A from the root of Hypericum sampsonii Hance (Hyperiaceae). Compound 1 showed promising inhibitory activity against the norfloxacin-resistant S. aureus strain SA-1199B at a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 2 μg/mL (4.3 μM), wheres the positive standard antibacterial drug norfloxacin showed an MIC of 32 μg/mL (100 μM). This strain overexpresses the NorA multidrug efflux transporter, the major characterized drug pump in Staphylococcus aureus. The activity of this compound against an effluxing strain of S. aureus is reported here for the first time. Compound 1, together with 1,7-dihydroxyxanthone (2) and 2-hydroxyxanthone (3), were obtained by silica gel column chromatography, and their structures were determined by means of extensive NMR and MS spectra.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hyperiaceae; Hypericum; Hypericum sampsonii Hance; Hyperixanthone A; Multidrug-resistant (MDR) S. aureus; Norfloxacin-resistant S. aureus; Xanthone
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry > Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry
ID Code:3077
Journal or Publication Title:Pharmaceutical Biology
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:23 Mar 2012 17:55
Last Modified:23 Mar 2012 17:55

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