Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor stimulation by exendin-4 reverses key deficits in distinct rodent models of Parkinson's disease

Harkavyi, A., Abuirmeileh, A., Lever, R., Kingsbury, A.E., Biggs, C.S. and Whitton, P.S. (2008) Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor stimulation by exendin-4 reverses key deficits in distinct rodent models of Parkinson's disease. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 5 (1). p. 19. 10.1186/1742-2094-5-19.

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DOI: 10.1186/1742-2094-5-19

Abstract

Background: It has recently become apparent that neuroinflammation may play a significant role in Parkinson's disease (PD). This is also the case in animal paradigms of the disease. The potential neuroprotective action of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4 (EX-4), which is protective against cytokine mediated apoptosis and may stimulate neurogenesis, was investigated In paradigms of PD. Methods: Two rodent 'models' of PD, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and lipopolysaccaride (LPS), were used to test the effects of EX-4. Rats were then investigated in vivo and ex vivo with a wide range of behavioural, neurochemical and histological tests to measure integrity of the nigrostriatal system. Results: EX-4 (0.1 and 0.5 μg/kg) was given seven days after intracerebral toxin injection. Seven days later circling behaviour was measured following apomorphine challenge. Circling was significantly lower in rats given EX-4 at both doses compared to animals given 6-OHDA/ LPS and vehicle. Consistent with these observations, striatal tissue DA concentrations were markedly higher in 6-OHDA/LPS + EX-4 treated rats versus 6-OHDA/LPS + vehicle groups, whilst assay of L-DOPA production by tyrosine hydroxylase was greatly reduced in the striata of 6-OHDA/LPS + vehicle rats, but this was not the case in rats co-administered EX-4. Furthermore nigral TH staining recorded in 6-OHDA/LPS + vehicle treated animals was markedly lower than in sham-operated or EX-4 treated rats. Finally, EX-4 clearly reversed the loss of extracellular DA in the striata of toxin lesioned freely moving rats. Conclusion: The apparent ability of EX-4 to arrest progression of, or even reverse nigral lesions once established, suggests that pharmacological manipulation of the GLP-1 receptor system could have substantial therapeutic utility in PD. Critically, in contrast to other peptide agents that have been demonstrated to possess neuroprotective properties in pre-clinical models of PD, EX-4 is in current clinical use in the management of type-II diabetes and freely crosses the blood brain barrier; hence, assessment of the clinical efficacy of EX-4 in patients with PD could be pursued without delay.

Item Type:Article
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology
ID Code:3095
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Neuroinflammation
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:20 Apr 2012 17:12
Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 17:12

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