Florence, A.T., Arunothayanun, P., Kiri, S., Bernard, M-S. and Uchegbu, I.F. (1999) Some Rheological Properties of Nonionic Surfactant Vesicles and the Determination of Surface Hydration. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 103 (11). pp. 1995-2000. 10.1021/jp983110p.
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Rheological studies of dilute aqueous nonionic surfactant vesicle (niosome) dispersions formed mainly from hexadecyl diglycerol ether (C16G2) or sorbitan monostearate (Span 60) were performed by capillary viscometry. By variation of the ratio of C16G2, cholesterol, and a poly-24-oxyethylene cholesteryl ether (Solulan C24), vesicles with either polyhedral or mainly spherical structures can be formed. Polyhedral niosomes transform to spherical vesicles above a transition temperature of 45°C, while cholesterol-rich spherical/tubular niosomes remain intact up to 80°C. These changes in niosome morphology are reflected in their rheological properties. The relative viscosity (ηrel) of spherical/tubular niosome dispersions changes little with increase in temperature, while that of polyhedral niosome dispersions decreases dramatically, indicating the transformation of the vesicles to a more spherical shape. As the intrinsic viscosity, [η], of colloidal dispersions is affected not only by vesicle shape but also by surface hydration, it is possible to make estimates of hydration. The increase in viscosity with the increase in the amount of the hydrophilic Solulan C24 in the vesicle surface is a reflection of increased hydration. However, the effect of size complicates interpretation; increase in vesicle size between 270 nm and 8.8 μm reduces the viscosity of the system. Interpretation of the intrinsic viscosity data depends to a large extent on the estimation of φ, the volume fraction occupied by the vesicles, because of internal hydration. Results are consistent with surface hydration in the range between 2 and 2.8 g g-1 for niosomes containing 10% Solulan C24 at 25°C.
|Departments, units and centres:||Department of Pharmaceutics > Department of Pharmaceutics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Physical Chemistry B|
|Deposited By:||Library Staff|
|Deposited On:||26 Apr 2012 11:31|
|Last Modified:||26 Apr 2012 11:31|
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