The effects of heparin and related molecules upon the adhesion of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes to vascular endotheliumin vitro

Lever, R., Hoult, J.R.S. and Page, C.P. (2000) The effects of heparin and related molecules upon the adhesion of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes to vascular endotheliumin vitro. British Journal of Pharmacology, 129 (3). pp. 533-540. 10.1038/sj.bjp.0703099.

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DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0703099

Abstract

1. The effects of an unfractionated heparin preparation (Multiparin), a low molecular weight heparin preparation (Fragmin) and a selectively O-desulphated derivative of heparin lacking anticoagulant activity, have been investigated for their effects on the adhesion of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. The effect of poly-L-glutamic acid, a large, polyanionic molecule was also studied. 2. Unfractionated heparin (50-1000 U ml -1), the O-desulphated derivative (0.3-6 mg ml -1) and the low molecular weight heparin (50 U-1000 U ml -1) all inhibited significantly the adhesion of 51Cr labelled PMNs to HUVECs stimulated with interleukin-1β (IL-1β; 10 U ml -1), bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS: 2.5 μg ml -1) or tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α; 125 U ml -1) for 6 h, whereas poly-L-glutamic acid had no effect. In addition, the three heparin preparations in the same concentration range inhibited significantly the adhesion of f-met-leu-phe-stimulated PMNs to resting HUVECs. 3. The effects of unfractionated heparin upon the expression of adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-selection were also investigated, as were the effects of unfractionated heparin upon adhesion of human PMNs to previously stimulated HUVECs. Heparin had little effect upon levels of expression of these adhesion molecules on stimulated HUVECs. However, a profound effect upon PMN adhesion to previously stimulated HUVECs was demonstrated using the same preparation, suggesting that inhibition of adhesion molecule expression is not a major component of the described inhibitory effects of heparin. 4. Pre-incubation of PMNs with heparin followed by washing inhibited their adhesion to HUVECs, under different conditions of cellular activation, implying that heparin can bind to these cells and exert its anti-adhesive effects even when not directly present in the system. 5. These observations would suggest that both heparin and a low molecular weight heparin are capable of inhibiting adhesion of human PMNs to endothelial cells, an effect not dependent solely upon the polyanionic nature of these molecules, nor dependent upon their ability to act as anticoagulants.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Heparin;low molecular weight heparin;O-desulphated heparin;adhesion;polymorphonuclear leucocytes;endothelium;polyanionic charge;anticoagulant
Departments, units and centres:Department of Pharmacology > Department of Pharmacology
ID Code:3197
Journal or Publication Title:British Journal of Pharmacology
Deposited By:Library Staff
Deposited On:10 May 2012 16:09
Last Modified:10 May 2012 16:09

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